Examples of Specific Service Programs Offered
by Employment Services Organizations<
1. WORK ADJUSTMENT: Provides planned and structured training in a work setting to assist persons with disabilities to develop work-appropriate general habits, attitudes, and behaviors. Specific emphasis is given to work deficits and vocationally related problems identified by the Employment Services Organization, the DRS counselor, the individual served, and the goals established in the person's DRS Individual Employment Plan (IEP). Work Adjustment is generally short term in nature.
2. EXTENDED EMPLOYMENT SERVICES: Provides a long term employment program in a structured work environment. The persons served receive more intensive supervision, training, and support services than are available in a regular work setting. The major goal of this program is successful employment and may occur within a sheltered setting or within competitive industry.
3. SITUATIONAL ASSESSMENT: Provides systematic observation of an individual's behaviors in an environment which reflects a realistic employment site and that can provide information concerning work habits and general job skills. The service is short term in nature.
4. VOCATIONAL EVALUATION: Consists of systematic, formalized testing and subsequent recommendations. The assessment is for the purpose of determining an individual's vocational objectives based on his or her assets and include evaluation techniques appropriate to the individual. The assessment results in specific recommendations to be used in the development of the DRS Individual Plan of Employment.
5. SUPPORTED EMPLOYMENT SERVICES: Provide competitive work with on-going support services for persons with the most significant disabilities. Services may be appropriate for individuals with severe disabilities when competitive employment has traditionally either not been an available employment option or it has not been successful. May occur in individual competitive placements or group models such as Mobile Crews, Enclaves, or in an Entrepreneurial or Small Business.
7. SKILLS TRAINING SERVICES: ESOs may provide occupational skills training for specific jobs. Examples are computer training, retail skills training, janitorial services, landscape maintenance, and clerical training. Most Employment Services Organization skills training programs benefit from the involvement of a local Business Advisory Council who assists in curriculum development, internship development, and assessments of individuals served.
8. PLACEMENT: In addition to the placement services traditionally purchased through the Supported Employment programs, DRS and the ESOs are now piloting several placement initiatives, in which DRS is purchasing job placement services. The pilots include program value incentives to encourage the placement of persons with severe disabilities into full time jobs with benefits. National accreditation is also encouraged in the pilots. DRS is also exploring the potential of business mentorship opportunities with ESOs; DRS is partnering with one Employment Services Organization to provide a small business start up incubator arrangement for a person with a disability.
9. JOB COACH TRAINING SERVICES: Individualized Job Development, Placement and Training provided by a Job Coach, with short term follow-up supports for people with significant disabilities.
10. INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES: Training in non-vocational life areas to mitigate issues which may adversely affect an individual's ability to gain or maintain employment. Examples include personal care, financial management, appropriate housing, and hygiene.
Go to ILS Service Description.
Al Jones, TANF Coordinator
8004 Franklin Farms Drive
Richmond, Va. 23229