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Personal Assistance Services

Personal Assistance Services (PAS) may be provided through DARS to individuals with physical disabilities such as spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, or muscular dystrophy, who require assistance from another person to perform non-medical activities of daily living.

Personal assistance services are a range of services provided by one or more persons, designed to assist an individual with a disability to perform daily living activities on or off the job that the individual would typically perform if the individual did not have a disability. These services must be designed to increase the individual's control in life and ability to perform everyday activities on or off the job and include but are not limited to: Getting up and ready for work or going out into the community (including bathing and dressing), cooking, cleaning or running errands.

PAS services are consumer directed. Individuals must demonstrate the ability to self-manage their PAS program as it pertains to recruitment and hiring of attendants. DARS neither maintains a registry of individuals who provide personal assistance nor provides recommendations.


DARS manages three PAS programs:

  • VR PAS, funded through Title I of the Rehabilitation Act, has two PAS options for individuals who are currently receiving or who may be eligible for vocational rehabilitation services provided through an Employment Plan. The consumer-directed PAS option is available to VR consumers who are able and interested in managing their personal assistant. An agency-managed option is available to individuals who do not wish or are not able to manage their own assistant.
  • State-funded PAS, a consumer-directed program funded through General Funds, may be available to individuals who do not qualify for PAS services under VR PAS, Medicaid Waiver Services, or any other program. Income does not prevent participation in this program; however there is a financial resource limit. A copay is accessed on a sliding scale if income exceeds a certain level This program is limited in funding and there may be a waiting list for services
  • PAS for Individuals with Brain Injury, also consumer-directed in nature, funded through General Funds, may be available to eligible individuals with brain injury who do not qualify for PAS from any other source. Individuals must have a representative to assist in management of the program.

A PAS Application and assessment is needed to request PAS services. Comparable programs like the Medicaid Waiver must be applied for and ruled out before PAS services can be considered

For more information regarding PAS, contact Carolyn Turner, Manager- Personal Assistance Services at:


Agency Expenditures
DARS Virginia Performs
WWRC Virginia Performs
eVA Transparency in Procurement
DARS Organization Chart
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